Human race has been on the path of inquisitiveness right from time in memorial. We always want to know why things are the way they are. Eve may ask Adam, what will happen if we eat from the tree? A group of people may come together and think of finding out how the abode of God look like. In a bid to provide answers to these two questions, some actions like eating the fruit or trying to build a tower that reaches the abode of God may likely surface not minding the aftermaths. This path has led human race into making life better for themselves even as there is now a systematic approach of enquiry which replaced the unorganized traditional approach. Basically, research process consists of:
• Identifying and defining the problem
• Reviewing or searching the literature;
• Formulating ideal from the information got when we search (hypothesis);
• Collecting data to confirm or establish our claim;
• Synthesizing the data collected to authenticate our hypothesis and
• Arriving at a conclusion on our claim.
Since all these efforts are meant to produce certain results or solutions to identified problem, it became important for a researcher or group of researchers carrying out the inquiry to be able to locate sources of information on the subject matter (process two above). There is nothing being done that has not been worked on before, hence, re-search is getting insight from what has been done before to gain additional information about a phenomenon. The effective approach to research is consists in SEARCHing right. This is being explained here using the letters in the word S E A R C H.
• See and identify important words in the topic under study. Sieve out the more important words from the unimportant ones. (before the search)
• Examine and establish the context of usage of words identified. This will enable the search to be streamlined to the area rather than beating around the bush. (before the search)
• Associate your search to these words or other words, phenomenon or topics that may be associated during the process of searching.
• Research out the works of authors referenced in the work you have reviewed till date (by using the reference section). These will promote better understanding of concepts, and probably get primary or firsthand information on the subject area.
• Consider individual study or review of works of authors that appear to be specialist in the area of study. For instance, if during your search, you consistently see the work of a particular author, there is need to pay attention to the work of the author(s). Cite authors or organization whose work you have used.
• Hear from other researchers. Search is not limited to secondary or ‘ready-made’ sources. Horse’s mouth is an important store house of information. You may likely have individuals who have worked in that your area of interest around you without your knowledge. Take knowledge of your colleagues, senior or junior. Never underestimate the power of networking.
Things to Know About Search in Research:
The word search contains some words that are instructive to researchers. These are:
SEA, REACH, EAR, HEAR, EACH, ARC, CASH.
SEA: The world is filled with information (both printed and unprinted) like the sea with water more than the earth can absorb. Your ability to identify and locate ‘the right’ information is a key to effective research.
REARCH: You must be able to locate the right source of the right information, right author, organization, sites, publication.
HEAR and EAR: Be attentive to what other people are saying. The experience gained from them may be all you need for the present or future work you are/will do(ing).Who we are
EACH: Each information source is very important. Take note of what you search that brought information you need, title of work, date of retrieval, name of site visited and author. These are important resources for referencing.
CASH: Search requires casting your bread upon the water. Don’t hesitate to use your resources to get genuine information.
ARC: Research is a circle of interest. Researchers need one another for getting useful information. Don’t forget to share your published works with others. If someone has not put the one you used there how will you get it? This is one way of promoting yourself.
Research Team, Delightsome Consultants (2017). The Search in Research.